Mechanical seals are devices that aid in connecting systems together to prevent leakage. Additionally, the seals, prevent leakages by holding pressure or even by eliminating contamination. However, the competence of the Apex seals is reliant on the adhesion in the instance of sealants and compression in the event of gaskets. Before exploring how mechanical seals operates, It is very to understand other methods of forming a seal. Gland packing is one of the commonly used traditional seals. Gland packing looks like a rope like material that is braided and crammed around the shaft – physically padding the cavity between the shaft and the pump housing. However, people are switching to the mechanical seals due to numerous reasons. This is due to the fact that the Gland packing seals requires pressing besides the shaft so as to lessen outflow, this implies that pump will require more power in order to turn the shaft hence wasting energy. On the other hand, the packing requires a large volume of water to cool the overheating shafts due to friction. Also, the friction of the rotating shafts results into wearing of the shafts in the long run thereby resulting in increased leakage. Also, it is very costly to repair the worn out shafts as a result of the friction between the rotating shafts.
People have various reason as to why the use mechanical seals. These include, when using a mechanical seal, there is no visible leak, this implies that the seals do leak vapor when the fluid reaches the atmospheric side of the seal faces. Moreover, the cartridge of the mechanical seals does not destroy the shaft of the pump. The ability of the mechanical seal of self-adjusting when their faces begin to wear due to friction helps in lowering the day to day maintenance cost. Additionally, the Apex sealing use less water compared to the traditional seals and also there is less corrosion of a plant equipment in the event that the product is contained in the pump. An end face mechanical seal is an example of a mechanical seal that is used in rotating gear, such as thrusts, blenders, blowers, and compressors. As soon as a pump functions, the fluid might leak out of the pump between the rotating shaft and the stationary pump casing. Additionally, the mechanical seal face geometry is considered to be the one of the most critical design elements within a mechanical seal. The balance diameter, the centroid setting, and the surface area are some of the seal face properties. Additional seal properties consist of the surface finish, the drive mechanism, and the face topography.