How to Dispose of Medical Waste Properly
It is the nature of health facilities to produce large quantities of refuse daily. These wastes should be handled appropriately right from collection, transportation, treatment and eventually disposal. These health institutions have equipment which can be used to incinerate some of the wastes. Even after burning they still have to get ways of disposing of wastes such as needles, syringes, and chemical wastes. The problem of disposal is usually greater for smaller institutions that cannot afford incineration machines to help decrease the volumes of waste.
To effectively dispose of medical waste including used syringes, scalpels, and IV catheters, use sharp containers to ensure that they are thoroughly segregated. It is a conventional practice to use a needle once and then disposed to avoid the sharing of needles between patients. The practice of using a needle for more than one patient has been a greater contributor to the spread of blood contamination diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis B and C among others. The containers for discarding sharps should be color labeled and be made of hard materials that cannot be pierced by the contents. The container should also have biohazardous material label. The contains are two types those used once and then discarded. The second is the reusable type which is robotically sterilized and emptied at a medical waste processing facility before returning for re-use.
Hospitals usually have sharps disposal containers in the patient care rooms. Individuals who have diabetes should have a disposal kit in their homes as they have to administer insulin injection daily. Poorly disposed sharps can result in spread of diseases.
The use of these containers is straightforward. One just inserts them in the container using an opening that is upside of the container without letting them touch the outside. Never push or force the needles into avoiding damage and needle stick accidents. Do not allow the container to fill to the brim. The full container should be made to authorized venue or a medical facility for disposal.
Sharp containers can be purchased in many different sizes, from very small to large barrels. The tiny ones are suitable for the patient examination sections while the big ones fit the critical parts such as surgery rooms.
Waste disposal is a very important aspect of medical systems that cannot go by unnoticed. Poor disposal of even a single tool can result in the spread of a deadly disease to the public. Therefore management and disposal of healthcare waste should be handled very careful with regards to the safety of the patients, general public and the environment itself.